Congressional report on Homeless Veterans May 2007

GAO Report To Congress On VA Operational Transitional Homeless Beds 2006-2007

2007 Annual Homeless Assessment Report

2007 CHALENG Report

McKinney – Vento Act and Definition of Homelessness, Homeless Individual and Homeless Person

Title 42, Chapter 119, SubChapter I, SubSection 11302 of the United States Code

(a) In general

For purposes of this chapter, the term “homeless” or “homeless individual or homeless person” [1] includes-

(1) an individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence; and

(2) an individual who has a primary nighttime residence that is-

(A) a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations (including welfare hotels, congregate shelters, and transitional housing for the mentally ill);

(B) an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized; or

(C) a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.

(b) Income eligibility

(1) In general

A homeless individual shall be eligible for assistance under any program provided by this chapter, only if the individual complies with the income eligibility requirements otherwise applicable to such program.

(2) Exception

Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a homeless individual shall be eligible for assistance under title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 [29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.].

(c) Exclusion

For purposes of this chapter, the term “homeless” or “homeless individual” does not include any individual imprisoned or otherwise detained pursuant to an Act of the Congress or a State law.

Chronically Homeless – A chronically homeless person is an unaccompanied homeless individual with a disabling condition who has either been continuously homeless for at least 12 months OR has had at least 4 episodes of homelessness in the past 3 years.

Emergency Beds – Immediate beds provided by shelters. Normally funded through GDP funded providers. These beds are not dedicated to the homeless but may be utilized for them if available as shelters are “space available” for all crisis types. There was a decrease of -115,600 beds at the 2005 survey or negative 35% over the previous ten years.

Transitional Beds – or “transitional housing” means housing, the purpose of which is to facilitate the movement of homeless individuals and families to permanent housing within 24 months or such longer period as the Secretary determines necessary. The Secretary may deny assistance for housing based on a violation of this subsection only if the Secretary determines that a substantial number of homeless individuals or families have remained in the housing longer than such period. USC TITLE 42 CHAPTER 119 SubChapter IV Part C § 11384

HUD – Department of Housing and Urban Development

VA– Department of Veterans Affairs

AHAR– Annual Homeless Assesment Report

Homeless Person– An individual or family that falls under the definition of the Mckinney-Vento Act USC Title 42 Chapter 119

HMIS– Homeless Management Information Systems

ADA– Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

Sheltered Homeless– Homeless Individual or Family as described under the McKinney-Vento Act who is or has resided in a shelter in either an emergency bed or transitional housing for counting purposes according to HUD reporting.

Unsheltered Homeless – Homeless Individual or family that according to HUD may not really exist as they are not counted in any report as they have not been inside a shelter according to the HUD report to Congress in February of 2007.

Permanent Supported Housing – Housing supported by HUD for those that are deemed incapable of being self supporting. This is to be inclusive of those with disabilities to include: physical, mental and substance abuse.

De-Duplicating– HUD’s method of checking all social security numbers and birth dates are double checked to make sure homeless individuals are double checked during point in time criteria to insure that homeless accounting is kept as low as possible. This insures that homeless individuals are not counted more than once in a three month period. According to HUD Secretary Alphonso Jackson, this is done by a Blue Ribbon Team of Experts.

HUD’s Definition of Homeless Persons who are:

  1. Being evicted within a week and no other subsequent residence has been identified, and the person lacks the resources and support networks needed to obtain housing.
  2. Being discharged from an institution where they have lived for over 30 days and no subsequent residence has been identified and the persons lacks the resources and support networks to obtain housing.

Who Is Not Homeless? (According to HUD / VA)

  1. Persons or families living in motels or other type of boarding houses.
  2. Persons doubled up, living with relatives, and moving frequently.
  3. Persons living in substandard housing.
  4. Persons that are paying an excessive amount for housing.
  5. Wards of the state.
  6. Persons being discharged from an institution that is required to provide or arrange for housing upon release.

What is a Continuum of Care?

HUD’s Definition – A community plan to organize and deliver housing and services to meet the specific needs of people who are homeless as they move to stable housing and maximum self-sufficiency. It includes action steps to end homelessness and prevent a return to homelessness. It is also the region for which a Community / Regional Ten year plan to end homelessness covers…


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